Production planning is an integral part of enterprise management. It can be defined as the ability to anticipate the goals and the results of operations of the economic entity (enterprise) and determine the resources needed to achieve specific goals.
Any production plan must be built on the basis of a number of scientific principles. These principles understand the basic theoretical principles that guide the company, its employees in the planning process. They determine the direction and specific content of the planned work at the company.
The principle need of planning means widespread and mandatory use of when performing any type of work, since its absence is accompanied by incorrect manoeuvre; late change of orientation, which is the reason for the bad condition or failure of the business.
The principle of continuity is that, first, planning for the enterprise should be carried out continuously, without interruption, and, second, what plans should organically come to replace each other. In particular, medium-and long-term plans should be systematically reviewed and adjusted to take account of changed circumstances, and annual plans must be coherent, i.e. flow of medium-term plans. Continue reading
1. The essence and criteria for determining small businesses. The advantages and disadvantages of small business.
Many international authorities assert that the future of many economies for small businesses [1, p. 237.
Federal Law “On state support of small entrepreneurship in the Russian Federation” No. 88-FZ of 14 June 1995 defines small businesses as “commercial organizations, whose authorized capital the share of participation of the Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation, public and religious organizations (associations), charitable and other funds does not exceed 25 percent, the share attributable to one or several legal entities that are not small businesses shall not exceed 25 percent and where the average number of employees during the reporting period does not exceed the following maximum levels (small businesses.
in industry – 100 people.
– in construction – 100 people. Continue reading
The most important feature of the nature of the media, having a serious impact on metaeconomic, their dependence on technological progress in the ICT sector. The last decade confirm that the traditionally receptive to technological progress and policy changes the market today are distinguished by a special dynamism. In the history of communication and media the speed at which the Internet has gained a mass audience, unprecedented. It took 38 years before the American radio audience has reached 50 million. TV went the same way for 14 years. The Internet took only four years to the number of users in the United States amounted to 50 million.
The combined effect of the progress of information and communication technologies for the media today it is still impossible to assess unambiguously. Obviously, the development of ICT means technological evolution of traditional media. For example, the transformation of cable networks in the independent sector of the media industry we have already seen that the birth of a new technology of distribution of TV signals has led to the emergence of a new form of television, offering viewers a new product and new services. A similar chain is built and when considering the speed of technological progress in other sectors of the media. Generally it can be represented as follows. Continue reading