Production planning is an integral part of enterprise management. It can be defined as the ability to anticipate the goals and the results of operations of the economic entity (enterprise) and determine the resources needed to achieve specific goals.
Any production plan must be built on the basis of a number of scientific principles. These principles understand the basic theoretical principles that guide the company, its employees in the planning process. They determine the direction and specific content of the planned work at the company.
The principle need of planning means widespread and mandatory use of when performing any type of work, since its absence is accompanied by incorrect manoeuvre; late change of orientation, which is the reason for the bad condition or failure of the business.
The principle of continuity is that, first, planning for the enterprise should be carried out continuously, without interruption, and, second, what plans should organically come to replace each other. In particular, medium-and long-term plans should be systematically reviewed and adjusted to take account of changed circumstances, and annual plans must be coherent, i.e. flow of medium-term plans. Continue reading
1. The essence and criteria for determining small businesses. The advantages and disadvantages of small business.
Many international authorities assert that the future of many economies for small businesses [1, p. 237.
Federal Law “On state support of small entrepreneurship in the Russian Federation” No. 88-FZ of 14 June 1995 defines small businesses as “commercial organizations, whose authorized capital the share of participation of the Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation, public and religious organizations (associations), charitable and other funds does not exceed 25 percent, the share attributable to one or several legal entities that are not small businesses shall not exceed 25 percent and where the average number of employees during the reporting period does not exceed the following maximum levels (small businesses.
in industry – 100 people.
– in construction – 100 people. Continue reading
Every entrepreneur, starting its activity, should clearly understand the need for the future in financial, material, human and intellectual resources, sources of their receipt and also be able to calculate the resource use efficiency in the work process of the firm.
In market economy businessmen cannot achieve stable success if will not be accurately and effectively plan their activity, constantly to collect and accumulate information about both the state of the target markets, position on them competitors, and about own prospects and possibilities.
With all the variety of forms of business there are key provisions that are applicable in almost all fields of commercial activities and for different firms, but necessary in order to timely prepare and bypass potential difficulties and dangers, thereby to reduce the risk in achieving goals.
In a market economy, a business plan is a working tool used in all areas of business. Continue reading